TGV/MGV - Lesson 5
Ba-|Iyi-Gol-Vuhlkansu - Tupa 5

INTRODUCTION TO NUMBERS
Ragtaya na'Su'uslar


    Traditional and Modern Golic Vulcan numbers come in five different types: Cardinal, Ordinal, Enumerating, Combining (Form) and Adjectival (Form). Each type is introduced in this grammar lesson. Later lessons will go more into depth on how these types are used grammatically.


    CARDINAL NUMBERS

    In Golic Vulcan, a Cardinal Number is used for counting (one, two, three, etc.) and when you use it like a noun (for example, "I am one of many", etc.).
FSE TGV/MGV
1 wuhkuh
2 dahkuh
3 rehkuh
4 kehkuh
5 kaukuh
6 shehkuh
7 stehkuh
8 ohkuh
9 naukuh
10 lehkuh
11 leh-wuh
12 leh-dah
13 leh-reh
14 leh-keh
15 leh-kau
16 leh-sheh
17 leh-steh
18 leh-oh
19 leh-nau
20 dah-leh
25 dah-leh kaukuh
30 reh-leh
40 keh-leh
50 kau-leh
60 sheh-leh
70 steh-leh
80 oh-leh
90 nau-leh
100 teh
150 teh kau-leh
200 dah-teh
1,000 leh-teh
1,500 leh-teh kau-teh
2,000 dah-leh-teh
1,000,000 zhoh
1,000,000,000 moh
Table of Cardinal Numbers


    ORDINAL NUMBERS

    In Golic Vulcan, Ordinal Numbers are used in almost the identical way as their counterparts in FSE. (Like an a true adjective, Ordinal Numbers have a stand-alone form and a combining form.) A following lesson covers use of this form in sentences.
FSE TGV/MGV
1st wuh'rak, wuhr-
2nd dah'rak, dahr-
3rd reh'rak, rehr-
4th keh'rak, kehr-
5th kau'rak, kaur-
6th sheh'rak, shehr-
7th steh'rak, stehr-
8th oh'rak, ohr-
9th nau'rak, naur-
10th leh'rak, lehr-
11th leh-wuh'rak, leh-wuhr-
12th leh-dah'rak, leh-dahr-
13th leh-reh'rak, leh-rehr-
14th leh-keh'rak, leh-kehr-
15th leh-kau'rak, leh-kaur-
16th leh-sheh'rak, leh-shehr-
17th leh-steh'rak, leh-stehr-
18th leh-oh'rak, leh-ohr-
19th leh-nau'rak, leh-naur-
20th dah-leh'rak, dah-lehr-
25th dah-leh kau'rak, dah-leh kaur-
30th reh-leh'rak, reh-lehr-
40th keh-leh'rak, keh-lehr-
50th kau-leh'rak, kau-lehr-
60th sheh-leh'rak, sheh-lehr-
70th steh-leh'rak, steh-lehr-
80th oh-leh'rak, oh-lehr-
90th nau-leh'rak, nau-lehr-
100th teh'rak, tehr-
150th teh kau-leh'rak, teh kau-lehr-
200th dah-teh'rak, dah-tehr-
1,000th leht'rak|-|
1,500th leh-teh kau-teh'rak, leh-teh kau-tehr-
2,000th dah-leht'rak|-|
1,000,000th zhoh'rak, zhohr-
1,000,000,000th moh'rak, mohr-
Table of Ordinal Numbers


    ENUMERATING NUMBERS

    In Golic Vulcan, a form different from the Cardinal Numbers is used when counting how many of an item there is, for example, "there is one ball" and "Surak sees two possibilities". The Enumerating Number is also used when answering a question where a specific quantity is the response or when filling out a form that needs a numerical response filled in. Some Enumerating Numbers are the same as their corresponding Cardinal Numbers, especially the higher numbers.
FSE TGV/MGV
1 wuh
2 dah
3 reh
4 keh
5 kau
6 sheh
7 steh
8 oh
9 nau
10 leh
11 leh-wuh
12 leh-dah
13 leh-reh
14 leh-keh
15 leh-kau
16 leh-sheh
17 leh-steh
18 leh-oh
19 leh-nau
20 dah-leh
25 dah-leh kau
30 reh-leh
40 keh-leh
50 kau-leh
60 sheh-leh
70 steh-leh
80 oh-leh
90 nau-leh
100 teh
150 teh kau-leh
200 dah-teh
1,000 leh-teh
1,500 leh-teh kau-teh
2,000 dah-leh-teh
1,000,000 zhoh
1,000,000,000 moh
Table of Enumerating Numbers


    COMBINING (FORM) NUMBERS

    In Golic Vulcan, as you will learn more fully in following lessons, when numbers are used as a combining adjective or as a modifying prefix, they are directly affixed to a word if the word is a solitary or basic word ("psthan", "skladan", "tchorka", etc.) or a binary word ("esh-tukh", "tal-muv", "yeht-gav", etc.) AND the Combining Form is a single affix. Corresponding examples of these forms in FSE would be "mono-", "uni-, "single-", "two-", "bi-", "di-", "double-", "tri-", "triple-", etc.

FSE TGV/MGV
1 wuh-
2 dah-
3 reh-
4 keh-
5 kau-
6 sheh-
7 steh-
8 oh-
9 nau-
10 leh-
11 leh-wuh-
12 leh-dah-
13 leh-reh-
14 leh-keh-
15 leh-kau-
16 leh-sheh-
17 leh-steh-
18 leh-oh-
19 leh-nau-
20 dahl-
25 dah-leh kau-
30 rehl-
40 kehl-
50 kaul-
60 shehl-
70 stehl-
80 ohl-
90 naul-
100 teh-
150 teh kaul-
200 dah-teh-
1,000 leht-
1,500 leh-teh kau-teh-
2,000 dah-leht-
1,000,000 zhoh-
1,000,000,000 moh-
Table of Combining Form Numbers


    Important Note: Combining Form Numbers must follow the word formation rules that dictate you cannot have more than three roots in a single word. For example, you cannot have >leh-wuh-tal-muv< or >leh-dah-os-khaf-mev<. Therefore, only the numbers one through ten, one hundred, one thousand, one million, one billion, etc., are used regularly in Combining Form in proper Golic grammar. (The next form covers all other grammatical uses of adjectival or modifying numbers.)



    ADJECTIVAL (FORM) NUMBERS

    The Adjectival Form numbers are used exactly the same as a true adjective. Refer to later lessons which show how adjectives are used. Remember not to confuse them with the Ordinal Numbers.
FSE TGV/MGV
1 wuhik
2 dahik
3 rehik
4 kehik
5 kauyik
6 shehik
7 stehik
8 ohik
9 nauyik
10 lehik
11 leh-wuhik
12 leh-dahik
13 leh-rehik
14 leh-kehik
15 leh-kauyik
16 leh-shehik
17 leh-stehik
18 leh-ohik
19 leh-nauyik
20 dah-lehik
25 dah-leh kauyik
30 reh-lehik
40 keh-lehik
50 kau-lehik
60 sheh-lehik
70 steh-lehik
80 oh-lehik
90 nau-lehik
100 tehik
150 teh kau-lehik
200 dah-tehik
1,000 leh-tehik
1,500 leh-teh kau-tehik
2,000 dah-leh-tehik
1,000,000 zhohik
1,000,000,000 mohik
Table of Adjectival Form Numbers






This lesson was put online on
January 3, 2001
and updated on
January 10, 2005.





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